Cardiovascular disease

Conditions that affect heart or blood vessels are known as Cardiovascular diseases. It is one of the main cause of deaths and disabilities and can often be prevented by healthy lifestyle. Symptoms of cardiovascular disease depends on the specific type of disease a person has.

However, typical symptoms include:

• pains or pressure in the chest, which may indicate angina

• pain or discomfort in the arms, the left shoulder, elbows, jaw, or back

• shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea

• nausea and fatigue

• light-headed or faint

• cold sweat

Symptoms may vary and are specific to individual and condition, but above listed are most common symptoms.

Some of the risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease include:

• high blood pressure (hypertension)

• radiation therapy

• smoking

• lack of sleep

• high blood cholesterol (hyperlipidemia)

• diabetes

• diets that are high in fat combined with carbohydrates

• physical inactivity

• drinking too much alcohol

• stress

• air pollution

• chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder and reduced lung function

Most important causes of cardiovascular disease include atherosclerosis, a condition when fatty deposits are accumulated in the arteries.

Consult with a cardiologist if you notice any of the symptoms in you or in any of your loved ones.

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